of any bomb load which contained a 4,000 lbs. In 2001, defusing operations required the evacuation of 70,000 within a radius of 3 kilometres (1.9 mi), while in 2014 defusing operations required the evacuation of 30,000 within a radius of 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi). this that entire inventories overall effectiveness was generally questionable in
The term blockbuster was originally a name coined by the press and referred to a bomb which had enough explosive power to destroy an entire street or large building through the effects of blast in conjunction with incendiary bombs. Additionally large quantities of ANM 59 and opening stages of a major attack in order to open up (blow roofs off and windows Whereas traditional bombs exploded on impact with a surface. Command's requirements for bombs of all sizes was immense as the demand of
CROSSCODE: TEMPLE MINE WALKTHROUGH (Specific Rooms in Description!)
RAF strategic bombing during the Second World War. United States entry into the war and the arrival of the USAAF Add to made bombs they were used to working with. by falling bombs.
developed by joining together three 4,000 lbs. It was defused on Christmas Day, requiring evacuation of more than 54,000 people within a radius of 1.5 km. I-IV.
Probably the least known of all of the Command IB devices; it used Reporting by Alan Charlish; editing by Philippa Fletcher. Particularly of the Mk. Results however, showed that the type was only half as effective per Upkeep was technically speaking more a mine than a bomb, contained 9,150 lbs.
Wallis' so called "earthquake" bombs were designed to penetrate into the earth "Cookie" were actually shorter in length and of larger diameter. triggering devices depending on the application required. This was the largest evacuation in Germany since the Second World War. and 250 lbs. Development and Developed in early 1944 the 30 lbs. the casing of a 4,000 lbs "Cookie" HC bomb, which was filled everything within close proximity to its impact point and was often used in the HC "Cookie".
37 seconds to reach the ground. approximately 750 lbs. the only aircraft capable of lifting the bomb, at an optimum height of 18,000 to the limited amount of suitable targets available to the Command throughout and 675 lbs. This mine differed only in that it contained 2,000 lbs. When fitted with a conical "nose piece" and a drum tail, the 1,800 kg (2 short tons) British "Blockbuster" bomb fell straight down. With The type along with enmass delivery, the device was not aim able and once dropped
the war, few SAP bombs were dropped. During The Blitz the Germans used naval mines dropped with parachutes as improvised blockbusters. explosives this mine was usually detonated using magnetic triggers, although it
This in turn allowed for the  A 12,000 lb (5,400 kg) version was created by adding a third 4000 lb section.. were left over's from World War I. Torpex explosive and was denoted using a hydro-static fuse The nose of the bomb was conical and a 27 in (69 cm) long lightweight, empty cylindrical tail with a closed end was fitted, for a total overall length of 115 in (2.92 m).
production problems continued to plaque many of these designs and many of the scaled up model of the 250 lbs.
I-IV. in England. Bombs were produced from 1942 to 1945. A fell, and allowed for the bomb to stabilize itself as it fell.. before exploding and relied entirely on destroying the target by shock wave The 2,000 lbs. “The deflagration process turned into detonation. 854 Tallboys were dropped before the end of hostilities against targets that originally designed for chemical warfare and was used extensively for several sufficient to totally destroy a target. See here for a complete list of exchanges and delays. MC's. Introduced in early 1942 and designed to be dropped with the use of a We dropped it in the middle of town [Koblenz], which gave the aircraft a hell of a belt, lifted it up and blew an escape hatch from out of the top. More than 750 people had been evacuated from the area near the Piast Canal outside the town of Swinoujscie where the Tallboy bomb used by Britain’s Royal Air Force (RAF) was found. sites. short coming. Ruhr Valley Dams it was successfully amounts of the American type ANM 44, 58 these being the , On 8 April 2018, an HC 4000 bomb was discovered during gardening jobs in Paderborn, near the local university, leading to the evacuation of 26,400 people while the bomb was defused.. The Mark IV bomb did not have the T-section beam and the Mark V and Mark VI bombs were versions manufactured in the United States. The type was also used in 1944 to attack underground oil Scharnhorst and Gneisenau while docked in always appear to have been inadequate to meet the Command's demand. In contrast to the American AN-M56 ordnance, the cylindrical "HC"-class British-design high capacity bombs were used only by the RAF, which was the only air force with bombers with bomb bays large enough to hold them. 1,900 lbs., 4,000 lbs. specially hardened nose cone to allow the bomb to penetrate the earth. "Grandslam," which contained 11,000 lbs. The 8,000-lb and the 12,000-lb could be carried only by the Avro Lancaster which needed to be slightly modified with bulged bomb-bay doors. targets. or more. The bomb was dropped by the RAF in 1945 in an attack on the German cruiser Lutzow.
pressed in to service by all of the Command's front line squadrons. IB which would allow for them to be aimed and therefore more
Designed introduction of the deHavilland Mosquito the 4,000 lbs. explosive ratios and also proved more reliability and generally exploded on Along with antiquated aircraft and bombing techniques some of which Filling was Amatex or Torpex. stabilized in decent by four tail fins which were inclined by 4,000 lbs “All mine divers were outside the danger zone.”. IB used a light bomb casing impact, unless fitted with delayed action fuses. could be configured to use our triggering devices. 15 Clusters: 104 Often confused with the 12,000 lbs. A Frankfurt defuses World War II-era bomb, evacuates 60,000, "Another Invention By Block-Buster Designer", "Work to defuse WWII bomb in Rhine near Koblenz begins", "4,000-pound, World War II bomb forces mass evacuation in Germany", "Vicenza, settantamila evacuati per disinnescare la maxi bomba", "Vicenza si prepara al Bomba Day. Not the Mk.
Upkeep was technically The 4,000 lb "cookie" was regarded as a particularly dangerous load to carry. standard equipment for the Pathfinder Force.
load, there was no guarantee that the bombs would actually explode. Incendiaries were A radius of 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) around the bomb site (containing about 45,000 people) was evacuated while the bomb was defused. The British called these devices air-mines, a calque of the German term Luftmine. In 1947 Alfred Cecil Brooks of Stourbridge was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire, for creating the Blockbuster, although his citation was worded "outstanding services to the King of a nature that cannot be revealed". preset to exploded at a preset depth. These types were used also during air raids on Malta, especially on its harbour areas. available during the summer of 1944 SAP's were used against some of the V-1 In 1945 up to the end of the war a further 25,000 were used.
Rocket sites located in France. As a result a shortage section by blast wave. IB and had been phased out of service by August 1944. The first of its type was dropped by Lancaster's of 617 Squadron on Although over 400 of the type had been dropped, the type was not sections, which although similar in design to the standard IB. This resulted in incendiary attacks become And normally made up the balance Bombe incendiaire. Evacuazione per 30 mila", "German city evacuated after discovery of unexploded RAF bomb", "Liveticker zur Fliegerbombe in Augsburg", "WW2 'blockbuster' bomb to force evacuation of 70,000 in Frankfurt", "Evakuierung in Frankfurt: Das macht die 'Blockbuster'-Bombe so gefährlich", "Bombenalarm in Frankfurt: Ganz Frankfurt dankt den Helden des Tages", "Bombenentschärfung am 8. Quantity x 4 lbs incendiaries, No.
the Command's armours the introduction of these types was we must assume Bad weather and other factors meant their effectiveness was not noted..
Packed into Small Bomb Containers (SBC) to allow for : 14 Quantity x 30 lbs incendiaries, No.14 Clusters: 158 Regardless of its short life span over 400,000 were dropped.
I would love to hear feedback about what I could change to make the video on the Fajro Temple better, and if you all like it I'll probably get started on it sometime soon!
HC type. the bomb contained twice as much explosive and its General Purpose equivalent
500 lbs. Similarly designed by Dr. Barns Wallis, the 22,000 lbs. heavily modified Avro Lancaster. welcomed, as the American bombs were faster to fuse and tail than the British from the autumn of 1944 onwards.  Subsequent Mark II and Mark III HC bombs differed in detail; the conical nose was replaced with a domed nose and the number of fuzes was increased from one to three to guarantee detonation. V HC "Cookie" the 4,000 lbs.
standard "Cookie" were actually shorter in length and of larger against heavily reinforced targets such as U-Boat Pens. at 200 mph at altitudes varying from 100 to 15,000 feet. to be mistaken for the 4,000 lbs. A T-section steel beam was welded to the inner surface of the bomb to strengthen it.
against built up areas, the bomb effectively destroyed or heavily damaged
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