Cathcart’s initiative had the unfortunate effect of encouraging other British units to break from the line and attempt charges down the hill, giving a Russian regiment the opportunity to gain the crest of the ridge. The attack fell on the British Second Division, comprising 2,700 men and 12 guns (41st, 47th, 49th, 30th, 55th and 95th Regiments). Royal Artillery: 6 officers and 89 men. , Coordinates: 44°35′06″N 33°35′31″E / 44.585°N 33.592°E / 44.585; 33.592, The Second Division in action; the Russians in the valley, Defence of Home Hill by the British and French forces.
The British Army suffered 597 killed and 1,860 were wounded. Soimonoff’s guns, many of them of the heaviest calibres, 20 pounders and more, established themselves on a hill called Shell Hill directly to the North of Home Ridge. On November 5, 1854, the Russian 10th Division, under Lt. General F. I. Soymonov, launched a heavy attack on the allied right flank atop Home Hill east from the Russian position on Shell Hill. The Scots Fusilier Guards suffered casualties of 9 officers and 168 men. The British pickets, some of them at company strength, engaged the Russians as they moved to attack Home Hill. 47th Regiment: 2 officers and 64 men. Anecdotes and traditions from the Battle of Inkerman: Sergeant Major Andrew Henry of the Royal Artillery under attack by Russian infantrymen at the Battle of Inkerman and winning the VC on 5th November 1854 in the Crimean War: picture by Louis Desanges, Guards at the Battle of Inkerman on 5th November 1854 in the Crimean War: picture by Robert Gibb, Crimean War Medal 1854 to 1856 with clasps for the Alma, Balaclava, Inkerman and Sevastopol, Sir John Fortescue’s History of the British Army, The War in the Crimea by General Sir Edward Hamley, British Battles Volume III by James Grant.
Lieutenant Russell and Private Palmer of the Grenadier Guards winning Victoria Crosses at the Battle of Inkerman on 5th November 1854 during the Crimean War: picture by Louis Desanges, The previous battle in the Crimean War is the Battle of Balaclava, The next battle in the Crimean War is the Siege of Sevastopol. Brigadier General Pennefather, commander of the British Second Division at the Battle of Inkerman on 5th November 1854 in the Crimean War. Pennefather, a highly aggressive officer, always inclined to the attack, sent all the units of the Second Division forward to engage the Russians.
Soimonoff’s force of 20,000 men and 100 guns set off from the city of Sevastopol before dawn. On 5th November 1854, the Russians launched a heavy attack on the right of the allied positions to the east of Sevastopol. Towards the end of the battle two large British guns, 18 pounders of modern construction, called up by Lord Raglan from the siege park, were manhandled onto Home Ridge by teams of gunners and brought into action. The British, French and Turkish Armies landed on the western coast of the Crimea, in the Tsarist Russian Empire, on 14th September 1854, intending to capture and destroy the Russian naval port of Sevastopol. The allied armies of Britain, France, Sardinia, and the Ottoman Empire had landed on the west coast of Crimea on September 14, 1854.
But the presence of the French and other British reinforcements was decisive and the Russian attacks were all driven back. 95th Regiment: Battle of Inkerman on 5th November 1854 in the Crimean War. 21st Royal North British Fusiliers defending the Barrier at the Battle of Inkerman on 5th November 1854 in the Crimean War: picture by Marjorie Weatherstone.  Casualties (killed, wounded or captured) at the Battle of Inkerman: The British suffered 2,357 casualties. Coldstream Guards: 13 officers and 181 men. The Russian infantry, in contrast, were still armed with the flintlock muskets carried in the Napoleonic Wars of forty years before. The arrival of further French reinforcements helped to reduce the preponderance of Russian strength and drive them down the hillside. Grenadier Guards attacking at the Battle of Inkerman on 5th November 1854 in the Crimean War.
General Buller then charged the Russian column with the 77th and 88th Regiments. Support was coming up for Brigadier Pennefather, the Guards Brigade arriving from its camp to the south and General Cathcart approaching with his Fourth Division. Kinglake Vol 5, "Battle of Inkerman", page 458: "From the general engagement of the 5th November, including the fight on Mount Inkerman, there resulted, it seems, to the Russians a loss of 11,959 in killed, wounded, and prisoners [of which 3286 killed]; to the English a loss of 2573, of whom 635 were killed...Official return[s]".  Soymonov also had a further 9,000 in reserve. The Russians, when hopeless of success, seemed to melt from the lost field.’. 21st Royal Scots Fusiliers attacking at the Battle of Inkerman on 5th November 1854 in the Crimean War.
The bottleneck formation of the ground prevented the Russians from making their final approach to Home Ridge on a broad front. Eventually, the Russians were pushed all the way back to the Russian artillery positions.
The British were only finally enabled to go on the offensive with the arrival of Cathcart’s Fourth Division. The Russian commanders were General Dannenberg, General Soimonoff and General Pauloff.
Alexander Kinglake obtained the official casualty returns for the battle. While the allies could have taken this opportunity to attack Sevastopol before Sevastopol could be put into a proper state of defence, the allied commanders, British general Lo… Towards the end the allies marched to the southern coast of the Crimean and set up a supply port in the city of Balaklava.
55th Regiment, later the Border Regiment and now the Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment. If Soymonov had known the condition of the British, he would have ordered a third attack before the British reinforcements arrived. 1st Regiment: 1 man.  However, the British reinforcements arrived in the form of the Light Division which came up and immediately launched a counterattack along the left flank of the Russian front, forcing the Russians back. List of ranks in the fire, police, jail, and corrections services of the Philippines, People of the American Civil War by state, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Battles involving the French Foreign Legion, http://britishbattles.com/crimean-war/inkerman.htm, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Inkerman?oldid=4345655. The remainder of Soimonoff’s first line advanced down the post road to the Barrier. The two forces, numbering 42,000 men and 134 guns, would come under the overall command of General Dannenberg once they combined. As the Crimean War broke out, the British Army’s infantry was being equipped with the new French Minié Rifle, a muzzle loading rifle fired by a cap (all the British divisions, other than the Fourth, arriving in the Crimea with this weapon). While the allies could have taken this opportunity to attack Sevastopol before it could be put into a proper stat… The Coldstream lost 8 officers killed and 5 wounded, with 181 men as casualties. Both Russian columns moved in a flanking fashion east towards the British. Behind Shell Hill waited the Russian reserve of a further 9,000 men. Higginson states that the Grenadiers were the only regiment to take their colours into the battle and describes their apprehension that the Russians might capture the colours of Queen Victoria’s premier Foot Guard regiment. However, the rifed Minié balls of the British rifles were proving deadly accurate against the Russian attack. Account of the Battle of Inkerman:  It was followed by the Siege of Sevastopol.. Pavlov.
They were bombarded by a British battery and finally driven back by the assembled British pickets and the remaining companies of the 49th Regiment. The allied armies of Britain, France, Sardinia, and the Ottoman Empire had landed in the Crimea on September 14, 1854, intending to capture the Russian naval base at Sevastopol. Two British 18-pounder guns along with field artillery bombarded the 100-gun strong Russian positions on Shell Hill in counter-battery fire. 33rd Regiment: 3 officers and 61 men. The British had strong pickets and had ample warning of the Russian attack despite the early morning fog.
The Russian heavy artillery on Shell Hill opened a bombardment of the Second Division’s position and camp on Home Ridge. The French lost 143 killed and 750 were wounded.
Graves from the Battle of Inkerman on 5th November 1854 in the Crimean War; picture by Lieutenant Colonel Dawkins of the Coldstream Guards. One of the regiment’s companies, in commemoration of the battle, carries the title ‘. The British infantry fought with the Brown Bess musket in some form from the beginning of the 18th Century.
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